JUIN 4, 2019

In 2013, almost 2 million people in the United States went to their doctors because of a rotator cuff problem.

L'articulation osseuse primaire de votre épaule est en fait sur votre sternum au niveau de votre articulation sternoclaviculaire. De là, votre omoplate est attachée à votre clavicule au niveau de votre articulation acromio-claviculaire.

Your scapulae rest on top of the posterior aspect of your rib cage, which provides the surface they move around on. Some people refer to this as the scapulothoracic joint. Finally, we have the glenohumeral joint, where the head of the humerus attaches to the glenoid fossa of the scapulae.

If the muscles around your scapulae are weak and your scapulae are immobile, no amount of rotator cuff strengthening is going to be able to pick up their slack. Many people who have weak scapular muscles also have poor scapular positioning due to poor posture which complicates the issue further.

Your rotator cuff is made up of muscles and tendons that keep the ball (head) of your upper-arm bone (humerus) in your shoulder socket. Their primary job is to guide the direction of the shoulder joint while the big muscles of your trapezius, latissimus dorsi and pectoralis muscles do the heavy lifting.

Que se passe-t-il lorsque la coiffe des rotateurs est faible? The physical therapy and coaching industry are vividly interested in the concept of muscle imbalances and, obviously, tests and tools to address these imbalances.

It is true that the state of biomechanics is affected negatively by muscle imbalance. A thorough range of motion (ROM) examination will reveal restraints in joint mobility. An assessment of movement patterns will indicate possible difficulties in recruiting chains of muscles.

That being said, the observable phenomenon is with biomechanics. Since your rotator cuff is designed to guide the shoulder joint, when certain rotator cuff muscles are weak or injured, poor alignment occurs. The result of the jamming effect of the ball end of the humerus into the socket of your shoulder blade can cause a lot of pain and prevent you form doing daily activity.

That being said, the observable phenomenon is with biomechanics. Since your rotator cuff is designed to guide the shoulder joint, when certain rotator cuff muscles are weak or injured, poor alignment occurs.

The result of the jamming effect of the ball end of the humerus into the socket of your shoulder blade can cause a lot of pain and prevent you from doing daily activity.

Avec le temps, cette mauvaise position cause de l'inflammation et une faiblesse musculaire. On peut parler d'épaules arrondies.

Postural Imbalances – The Real Culprit

Posture is almost always linked to shoulder pain and scapular positioning; however, the negative effects reach further than you think.

Poor posture is the culprit of most injuries including shoulder injuries. Poor posture can, therefore, increase the strain on muscles, bones, and ligaments. Over time, muscles and soft tissues adapt to the postural adaptation and become imbalanced, which can cause fatigue, joint stiffness, and pain.

Voici comment: Poor posture prevents proper movement of the shoulder joint -Reduced movement means less range of motion (ROM) -Reduced ROM causes loss of strength.

En abordant la biomécanique avec une approche biomécanique, nous avons tendance à oublier que les tissus mêmes sur lesquels nous travaillons sont reliés au cerveau.

We might be interested in neuromechanics more so than in biomechanics when the goal is optimal patient care. Posture is a movement. Posture is stability and, from what I gather, we are all looking for stability before mobility.

Références: Grob, Frauenfelder et al. (2007), The association between cervical spine curvature and neck pain. Eur Spine J. 2007 May; 16(5): 669–678.

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